Vocab Unit 1 - 8 Flashcards


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adulterateto corrupt, make worse by the addition of something of lesser value
ambidextrous1. able to use both hands equally well; 2. very skillful; 3. hypocritical
augmentto make larger, increase
bereft1. deprived of; made unhappy through a loss
deploy1. to position or arrange; 2. to utilize
dourstern, unyielding, gloomy, ill-humored
fortitudecourage in facing difficulties
gapeto stare with open mouth; to open wide
gibe(v.) to utter taunting words; (n.) an expression of scorn
guisean external appearance, cover, mask
insidiousintended to deceive or entrap; sly, treacherous
intimationa hint, indirect suggestion
opulentwealthy, luxurious; ample; grandiose
pliable1. easily bent, flexible; 2. easily influenced
reiterateto say again, repeat
stolidnot easily moved mentally or emotionally; dull, unresponsive
tentativeexperimental in nature; uncertain, hesitant
unkempt1. not combed; untidy; 2. rude, unpolished
verbatimword for word; exactly as written or spoken
warilycautiously, with great care.
adroitskillful, expert in the use of the hands or mind
amicablefriendly, neighborly
averseopposed, unwilling; having a deep-seated distaste
belligerentgiven to fighting, warlike; aggressive
benevolentwell-meaning, charitable, kindly
cursoryhasty, not thorough
duplicitytreachery, deceitfulness, fraud
extolto praise excessively
feasiblepossible, able to be done
grimacefaical distortion, pained expression
holocausta large-scale destruction, especially by fire
imperviousresistant; not affected or hurt by
impetusimpulse, stimulus, incentive
meticulousextremely careful; particular about details
nostalgiadesire for something in the past
quintessencethe most typical example
retrogressto return to an earlier condition
scrutinizeto examine closely
tepidlukewarm; unenthusiastic
adversaryaudio_icon.gifan enemy, opponent
alienateto turn away; to make indifferent or hostile
artificeaudio_icon.gif1. a skillful or ingenious device; 2. clever trick; 3. clever skill
coerceaudio_icon.gifto compel, force
craven1. (adj.) cowardly; 2. (n). coward
culinaryaudio_icon.gifof or related to cooking or the kitchen
deleteto erase, wipe out
demisea death, especially of a person in a high position
exhilarateaudio_icon.gifto enliven, cheer, give spirit or liveliness to
fallow (adj.)audio_icon.gif1. plowed but not seeded; 2. inactive; 3. reddish-yellow
harass1. to disturb, worry; 2. to trouble by repeated attacks
inclementaudio_icon.gif1. stormy, harsh; 2. severe in attitude or action
museto think about in a dreamy way, ponder
negligibleaudio_icon.gifso unimportant that it can be disregarded
perpetuateaudio_icon.gifto make permanent or long lasting
precedentaudio_icon.gifan example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action
punitiveinfliclicting or aiming at punishment
redress1. (v.) to set right, remedy; 2. (n.) relief from wrong or injury
sojournaudio_icon.gif1. (n.) a temporary stay; 2. (v.) to stay for a time
urbanerefined in manner or style, suave
fallow (n.)audio_icon.gifland left unseeded
affiliatedaudio_icon.gifassociated, connected
ascertainaudio_icon.gifto find out
attainmentaudio_icon.gifan accomplishment, the act of achieving
bequeathaudio_icon.gifto give or pass on as an inheritance
cogentaudio_icon.gifrelevant, to the point; convincing
convergeaudio_icon.gifmove toward one point
disperseaudio_icon.gifto scatter, spread far and wide
esteemaudio_icon.gifto regard highly
expungeaudio_icon.gifto erase, obliterate, destroy
finiteaudio_icon.gif1. having limits; 2. lasting for a limited time.
invulnerableaudio_icon.gif1. not able to be wounded or hurt; 2. shielded against attack
malevolentaudio_icon.gifspiteful, showing ill will
nonchalantaudio_icon.gifcool and confident, unconcerned
omniscientaudio_icon.gifknowing everything; having unlimited awareness or understanding
panaceaaudio_icon.gifa remedy for all ills; cure all
scrupulousaudio_icon.gif1. exact, careful, meticulous; 2. having high moral standards, principled
skulkaudio_icon.gif1. to move about stealthily; 2. to lie in hiding
superciliousaudio_icon.gif1. proud and contemptuous; 2. showing scorn because of a feeling of superiority
uncannyaudio_icon.gifstrange, mysterious, weird, beyond explanation
venialaudio_icon.gifeasily excused; pardonable
altruisticaudio_icon.gifunselfish, concerned with the welfare of others
assentaudio_icon.gif1. (v.) to express agreement; 2. (n.) agreement
benefactoraudio_icon.gifone who does good to others
chivalrousaudio_icon.gifmarked by honor, courtesy, and courage
clemencyaudio_icon.gifmercy, humaneness
dearthaudio_icon.gifa lack, scarcity, inadequate supply
diffidentaudio_icon.gifshy, lacking self-confidence
discrepancyaudio_icon.gif1. a difference; 2. lack of agreement
embarkaudio_icon.gif1. to make a start; 2. to go aboard
facileaudio_icon.gif1. easily done or attained, effortless; 2. fluent; 3. superficial
indomitableaudio_icon.gifunconquerable, unbeatable
infallibleaudio_icon.giffree from error, perfect
plodto walk heavily or slowly; to work slowly
pungentaudio_icon.gifcausing a sharp sensation; stinging, biting
remissaudio_icon.gifneglectful in performance of one's duty, careless
reposeaudio_icon.gif1. (v.) to rest; 2. (n.) relaxation, peace of mind
temerityaudio_icon.gifboldness, rashness
truculentaudio_icon.giffierce and cruel; aggressive
unfeignedaudio_icon.gifsincere, real, without pretense
virulentaudio_icon.gif1. extremely infectious, malignant, or poisonous; 2. hateful, spiteful
accedeaudio_icon.gif1. to agree or assent; 2. submit or yield to another's wish or opinion; 3. to assume an office
brandishaudio_icon.gifTo wave or flourish (a weapon, for example) menacingly
compriseaudio_icon.gifto include; contain
deftaudio_icon.gifskillful, nimble
destituteaudio_icon.gifdeprived of the necessities of life; lacking in
explicitaudio_icon.gifdefinite, clearly stated
extirpateaudio_icon.gif1. to destroy totally; 2. to tear up by the roots
inopportuneaudio_icon.gifcoming at a bad time; not appropriate
ironiccontrary to what was expected or intended; sarcastic
mustystale, moldy; out-of-date
officiousaudio_icon.gifmeddling; excessively forward in offering services
ominousaudio_icon.gifunfavorable, threatening, of bad omen
pinnacleaudio_icon.gifa high peak or point
premeditatedaudio_icon.gifconsidered beforehand, deliberately planned
rampantaudio_icon.gifgrowing without check, running wild
solaceaudio_icon.gifcomfort, relief
statelydignified, majestic
suppleaudio_icon.gif1. bending easily; 2. adaptable; 3. servile
suppressaudio_icon.gifto stop by force, put down
venalaudio_icon.gifopen to or marked by bribery or corruption
abhoraudio_icon.gifto hate deeply
amendaudio_icon.gifto change for the better
buffetaudio_icon.gif1. (v.) to slap or cuff; 2. (v.) to drive or force with blows; 3 (n.) a slap, blow
chaosaudio_icon.gifgreat confusion, disorder
commodiousaudio_icon.gifroomy, spacious
chaosaudio_icon.gifgreat confusion, disorder
commodiousaudio_icon.gifroomy, spacious
corrosiveaudio_icon.gif1. eating away gradually, acidlike; 2. bitterly sarcastic
discernaudio_icon.gifto see clearly, recognize
extantaudio_icon.gifstill existing; not exterminated, destroyed or lost
implicateaudio_icon.gifto involve in; to connect with or be related to
interaudio_icon.gifto bury
martinetaudio_icon.gifa strict disciplinarian; a stickler for the rules
obviateaudio_icon.gifto anticipate and prevent; to remove, dispose of
renegadeaudio_icon.gifone who leaves a group; deserter, outlaw
reprehensibleaudio_icon.gifdeserving blame or punishment
somberaudio_icon.gifdark, gloomy; depressed or melancholy in spirit
squalidaudio_icon.giffilthy, wretched, debased
turbulentaudio_icon.gifdisorderly, riotous, violent; stormy
vociferousaudio_icon.gifloud and noisy
voluminousaudio_icon.gif1. of great size; numerous; 2. writing or speaking at great length
waiveaudio_icon.gifto do without, give up voluntarily
animosityaudio_icon.gifstrong dislike; bitter hostility
apathyaudio_icon.giflack of feeling, emotion, or interest
apprehensiveaudio_icon.giffearful or anxious, especially about the future
commendaudio_icon.gif1. to praise, express approval; 2. to commit to the care of
compatibleaudio_icon.gifable to get along or work well together
condolenceaudio_icon.gifan expression of sympathy
consecrateaudio_icon.gif1. to make sacred, hallow; 2. to set apart for a special purpose
decrepitaudio_icon.gifold and feeble; worn-out, ruined
derideaudio_icon.gifto ridicule, laugh at with contempt
ingenuousaudio_icon.gifinnocent, simple; frank, sincere
multifariousaudio_icon.gifhaving great variety; numerous and diverse
obsoleteaudio_icon.gifout-of-date, no longer in use
omnivorousaudio_icon.gifeating every kind of food
parsimoniousaudio_icon.gifstingy, miserly
quandaryaudio_icon.gifstate of perplexity or doubt
recalcitrantaudio_icon.gifstubbornly disobedient, resisting authority
reprisalaudio_icon.gifan injury done in return for injury; retaliation
revelaudio_icon.gif1. (v.) to take great pleasure in; 2. (n.) wild celebration
stultifyaudio_icon.gifto make ineffective or useless
suaveaudio_icon.gifsmoothly agreeable or polite; pleasing to the senses