Vocab Unit 1 - 6 Review Flashcards

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admonish1. to scold mildly; 2. to advise against something
breach1. (n). rift, opening, gap, rupture; 2. (v.) to create an opening
briganda bandit, robber, outlaw, highwayman
circumspectcareful, cautious
commandeerto seize for military or official use
cumbersomehard to handle, unwieldy
deadlocka standstill, standoff, stalemate
debrisscattered fragments, wreckage
diffuse (v.)to spread or scatter freely or widely, disperse
diffuse (adj.)wordy, longwinded, unfocused, verbose
dilemmaa difficult or perplexing situation or problem
efface1. to wipe out; 2. to keep oneself from being noticed
muddle1. (v.) to make a mess of; 2. (n.) a hopeless mess
opinionatedstubborn and often unreasonable in holding to one's own ideas, having a closed mind
perenniallasting for a long time, persistent
predisposemake susceptible to, to incline to beforehand
relinquishto let go, give up
salvageto save from fire or shipwreck
spasmodicsudden and violent but brief
spuriousnot genuine, not true, not valid
unbridleduncontrolled, lacking in restraint
adjournto stop proceedings temporarily
alien (n.)a citizen of another country
alien (adj.)foreign, strange
comelyhaving a pleasing appearance
compensateto make up for
dissoluteloose in one's morals or behavior
erraticnot regular or consistent
expulsionthe process of driving or forcing out
feinta deliberately deceptive movement; a pretense
fodder1. food for horses or cattle; 2. raw material for a designated purpose
fortifyto strengthen, build up
illegibledifficult or impossible to read
jeerto make fun of rudely or unkindly
lucrativebringing in money, profitable
mediocreaverage, ordinary
proliferateto reproduce, increase
subjugateto conquer by force
sullyto soil, stain, tarnish
tantalizeto tease
tersebrief and to the point
unflinchingfirm, showing no fear
abridgeto make shorter
adherent (n.)a follower, supporter
adherent (adj.)attached, sticking to
altercationan angry argument
cherubicresembling an angel portrayed as a little child with a beautiful, round, or chubby face
condoneto pardon or overlook
dissentto disagree
eminentfamous, outstanding
exorcise1. to drive out by magic; 2. to dispose of something troublesome
fabricateto make, manufacture, to invent
maraudera raider, plunderer
obesityexcessive fatness
pauperan extremely poor person
pilferto steal in small quantities
rifta split, break, breach
semblancea likeness, an outward appearance
surmountto overcome, rise above
terminateto bring to an end
tritecommonplace; overused, stale
usurpto seize and hold a position by force or without right
abscondto run off and hide
access (n.)1. approach or admittance to places, persons, things; 2. an increase
access (v.)to get at, obtain
anarchy1. a lack of government and law; 2. confusion
arduoushard to do, requiring much effort
auspiciousfavorable, fortunate
biasedfavoring one side unduly, prejudiced
daunt1. to overcome with fear, intimidate; 2. to dishearten, discourage
disentangleto free from tangles or complications
hoodwinkto mislead by a trick, deceive
inanimate1. not having life; 2. without energy or spirit
incinerateto burn to ashes
intrepidvery brave, fearless, unshakable
pliant1. bending readily; 2. easily influenced
pompous1. overly self-important in speech and manner; 2. excessively stately or ceremonious
precipice1. a very steep cliff; 2. the brink or edge of disaster
rectifyto make right, correct
fateddetermined in advance by destiny or fortune
reprieve (n.)a temporary relief or delay
reprieve (v.)to grant a postponement
revileto attack with words, call bad names
accomplicea person who takes part in a crime
annihilateto destroy completely
arbitrary1. unreasonable; 2. based on one's wishes or whims without regard for reason or fairness
brazen1. made of brass; 2. shameless, impudent
catalysta substance that causes or hastens a chemical reaction; any agent that causes change
exodusa large-scale departure or flight
facilitateto make easier; to assist
incorrigiblenot able to be corrected; beyond control
latenthidden, present but not realized
militant (n.)an activist
militant (adj.)given to fighting; active and aggressive in support of a cause
morosehaving a gloomy or sullen manner; not friendly or sociable
opaque1. not letting light through; 2. not clear or lucid; 3. dense, stupid
paramountchief in importance, above all others
prattleto talk in an aimless, foolish, or simple way; to babble
rebutto offer arguments or evidence that contradicts an assertion; to refute
reprimand (v.)1. to scold; 2. find fault with
reprimand (n.)a rebuke; an act of criticism
servitudeslavery, forced labor
slapdashcareless and hasty
stagnant1. not running or flowing; 2. foul from standing still; 3. inactive, sluggish, dull
succumbto give way to superior force, yield
atoneto make up for
bondage1. slavery; 2. any state of being bound or held down
defrayto pay for
diligenthardworking, industrious, not lazy
dolefulsad, dreary
ghastly1. frightful, horrible; 2. deathly pale
hamperto hold back
hew1. to shape or cut down with an ax; 2. to hold to
impoverished1. poor, in a state of poverty; 2. depleted
incessantnever stopping, going on all the time
intricatecomplicated, difficult to understand
lucid1. easy to understand, clear; 2. rational, sane
posthumousoccurring or published after death
prim1. overly neat, precise, proper, or formal; 2. prudish
sardonicgrimly or scornfully mocking, bitterly sarcastic
superfluousexceeding what is sufficient or required, excess
supplantto take the place of, supersede
taunt (v.)to jeer at, mock
tenacious1. holding fast; 2. holding together firmly; 3. persistent